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HOME   Technical Tips

SERIAL PORT THERMOSTAT

Serial thermostat using transistor as a temperature sensor and MCP3201. Included Visual Basic 6 code and a circuit diagram. The MCP3201 is a micro-power 12 bit analogue to digital converter. The supply to the circuit is from external 12V .
The communication to the PC is bit banging the Hardware Controls, the DTR is used for clocking the ADC and the CTS is used for data input.
RTS at pin 7 is the drive for the relay. The relay changes when temperature is more than 0.5 degree from the set temperature.
NPN transistor with the collector and the base linked makes linear temperature sensor, the junction voltage changes at 2.25mV/centigrade with a negative coefficient. For quicker response use a small package i.e. TO92.
CALIBRATION: The calibration of the sensor and other components in the circuit is done in the VB application. When you start the VB application for the first time it creates a text file 'cal.txt' in the same folder. The file has 2 numbers that represent the sensor readings at 0 and 100 Centigrade. Because the voltages of different sensors vary it needs recording the voltages of the sensor in use. Record the voltages this way:
1. Cool the sensor to temperature near zero, ice mixed with water is 0 centigrade.
2. Click the 0 °C button, the application will update the file 'cal.txt' with a new value of the sensor reading.
3. Use boiling water to heat the sensor to 100 centigrade
4. Click the 100 °C button to update 'cal.txt' file with the new value.
You can read more about serial interface in http://www.beyondlogic.org/spp/serial.htm
Data sheet for the MCP3201 can be downloaded from here
VB6 code download. You are free to use the circuit diagram and the VB software with no limitations.

The VB6 thermometer application.

Circuit Description
See also Technical Tips

MCP3201
Pin 2 is the analogue input. Input voltage range of +Vref (about 1 V) is equal to digital 4096.
Pin 1 is the +Vref =1V . 10K and 2K7 metal film resistors will give better temperature stability.
Pin 8 is the 5 V supply to the IC. 78L05 is a 5V regulator, it regulates the 12V external supply that also powers the relay.
Pin 6 is the serial data out of the ADC, BC237 and BC327 are a level shift from 0-5V to -8 to +8V which is the voltage required for the serial connector.
Pin 7 is the clock for reading the data and pin 5 is the Chip Select. The 22K resistors are for lowering the 12V out of the serial port to 5V level of the ADC.

SENSOR
MTS102 could be hard to find, but any NPN transistor, TO92 or smaller package will give good response.



  



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